Write an exponential function to model the population y of bacteria

The only thing necessary to complete the model is to have one additional point on the graph.

Write an exponential function to model the population y of bacteria

What does it really mean? Math books and even my beloved Wikipedia describe e using obtuse jargon: The mathematical constant e is the base of the natural logarithm.

And when you look up the natural logarithm you get: The natural logarithm, formerly known as the hyperbolic logarithm, is the logarithm to the base e, where e is an irrational constant approximately equal to 2. Nice circular reference there.

Save your rigorous math book for another time. Pi is the ratio between circumference and diameter shared by all circles. It is a fundamental ratio inherent in all circles and therefore impacts any calculation of circumference, area, volume, and surface area for circles, spheres, cylinders, and so on.

Pi is important and shows all circles are related, not to mention the trigonometric functions derived from circles sin, cos, tan. Just like every number can be considered a scaled version of 1 the base unitevery circle can be considered a scaled version of the unit circle radius 1and every rate of growth can be considered a scaled version of e unit growth, perfectly compounded.

Motives For Colonization

So e is not an obscure, seemingly random number. Understanding Exponential Growth Let's start by looking at a basic system that doubles after an amount of time. And it looks like this: Splitting in two or doubling is a very common progression. Sure, we can triple or quadruple, but doubling is convenient, so hang with me here.

write an exponential function to model the population y of bacteria

Mathematically, if we have x splits then we get 2x times as much stuff than when we started. With 1 split we have 21 or 2 times as much. As a general formula: We can rewrite our formula like this: So the general formula for x periods of return is: A Closer Look Our formula assumes growth happens in discrete steps.

Our bacteria are waiting, waiting, and then boom, they double at the very last minute. Our interest earnings magically appear at the 1 year mark.

write an exponential function to model the population y of bacteria

Based on the formula above, growth is punctuated and happens instantly. The green dots suddenly appear. If we zoom in, we see that our bacterial friends split over time: After 1 unit of time 24 hours in our caseMr. He then becomes a mature blue cell and can create new green cells of his own.


Does this information change our equation? The equation still holds. Money Changes Everything But money is different. As soon as we earn a penny of interest, that penny can start earning micro-pennies of its own. Based on our old formula, interest growth looks like this: So, we earn 50 cents the first 6 months and another 50 cents in the last half of the year: Sure, our original dollar Mr.

Blue earns a dollar over the course of a year. But after 6 months we had a cent piece, ready to go, that we neglected! That 50 cents could have earned money on its own: Blue The dollar Mr. Green The 25 cents Mr. Who says we have to wait for 6 months before we start getting interest?

Charting our growth for 3 compounded periods gives a funny picture: We start with Mr. Green, shoveling along 33 cents.Write an exponential function to model the population y of bacteria after x days.

b. Write an exponential function to model the number of students y in the graduating class t years after. Find the bacteria population 2 hours earlier. Structure, function and biological importance of carbohydrate derivatives such as chitin, pectin, heparin, proteoglycans, sialic acid, blood group polysaccharides, bacterial cell .

Jul 08,  · How to Write an Exponential Function Given a Rate and an Initial Value. Exponential functions can model the rate of change of many situations, including population growth, radioactive decay, bacterial growth, compound interest, and much %(1).

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How to Write an Exponential Function Given a Rate and an Initial Value