In the interest of science and the pursuit of truth, no ground is too sacred for exploration, no theory too venerable or cherished for the detention of the evolutionist. Tho true is sought in the concrete, and new beliefs are substituted for older faiths.
What then will be the result if the State takes the place of the Church in organising society, and if science supersedes it in criticism of the past and in divination of the future? Exile will mean ruin. They would lose all that is distinctive in the process.
The most that can be said is, that religion will gain when its teaching does not outrage possibility, and science by learning that it is not all-sufficient. There is nothing now left for her but to fill in details. Topics are being exhausted. History, however, which is perpetually accumulating fresh material, may furnish practically inexhaustible material to minds of the highest order.
It is likely to exercise a growing influence over all matters of science as observation and thought are accumulated. It would seem as if this ought to increase self-confidence and energy. As we can trace advance hitherto, why should it not be continued in the future?
So far an attempt has been made to show that the races of the world are approaching a stationary condition as regards territorial limits between Aryan and others, what we call the higher being confined for practical purposes to a part of the Temperate Zone; that democracy is likely to find its consummation in State Socialism; and that certain notable influences, such as attachment to a Church, municipal feeling, and even family feeling, are likely to become less and less important as factors in the constitution of society.
The great possible motors of action, if these changes actually take place, will be the sense of duty to the State, and the self-reliance of individual character. The patriotic feeling is likely to be enhanced by a sense of the great services which the State will render in the new order; by the habit of military discipline which universal service in the ranks will create; and by the mere fact that as the feelings lose a sufficient object in Church, city, or family, they will tend to concentrate themselves upon the fatherland.
It remains to consider what effect the new importance of the State may have upon personal energy and independence of thought. The strength of the State can hardly be more than the sum of strength in its individual members; and it is at least conceivable that we may get political organisations which are more complete than have ever yet been—that is, which attempt more and do more—but which are yet deficient in the spiritual reserve which an older and more imperfect society possessed in the initiative and resource of its members.
To take examples from history, let us assume—merely as a hypothesis—that modern society is tending more and more to the form of society that prevailed under the Incas, and that such men as Drake and Frobisher, Clive and Warren Hastings, are likely to become rare and disappear.
The initial perplexity of such an inquiry is, that it is extremely difficult to avoid the conclusion that energy of character may assert itself in certain epochs with apparent disregard of political institutions.
Athens in its best time was a country in which the limitations of originality in thought or action were enormous. To be suspected of entertaining new views about religion was dangerous, and impiety was charged against statesmen like Pericles and Alcibiades, philosophers like Anaxagoras and Socrates, as effectively as if they had been statesmen of the seventeenth century in Europe.
To be wealthy was to be suspected of peculation, and to be powerful was to invite ostracism. The general charged with the command of an expedition might find his plans disconcerted by omens that disheartened the forces, and was almost certain to be recalled on the smallest check.
Scarcely any man was more popular than Nicias, who was religious and liberal, and whom all instinctively felt to be "a safe man"; yet Nicias, having a nervous temperament, is said to have lived in such constant disquietude, that he walked the streets day by day with a hang-dog look.
In fact, to take modern parallels, the freedom of thought resembled that of Paris during the last half-century of the monarchy, and the energy of initiative that of the English statesmen who created the Indian Empire. The most simple explanation is, that the Athenian of those days saw magnificent possibilities of fame and power before him.
It was possible, even probable, that Athens might become the queen city of the western world, whose commands would be obeyed from Sicily to the shores of the Euxine.
In that case the men who had made Athens would have a harvest of immortal glory, and if they lived to see their work done, would be the most enviable of men, rewarded by praise, wealth, and power. The vision quickened those who beheld it to immortal action.
It would seem, accordingly, that we must start upon any examination into the causes that modify character with the postulate that several and perhaps even many races are inherently energetic; and though they may be depressed for a time by foreign conquest, or by poverty, or by bad government, as the modern Italians were for centuries, it is never safe to predict that they have lost the power to rise again.
Another important consideration is, that some institutions which seem to crush originality in one direction, may be found to favour the formation of a strong character in another.
The influence of every Church, Christian or otherwise, is to discourage examination of those truths which it teaches as fundamental. It allows the intellect of its followers to be apologetic, explanatory, and, it may be, even complementary, but forbids it at all hazards to be critical.
Beyond this, every Church is tempted to compromise with human frailty so long as its own supremacy is recognised.Alternate Ending to Othello Fantasy. My english project was to write an alternate ending to Othello. My teacher and my friends loved it and they even recommended that I publish it.
So I wanted to share it with the world. I hope you guys like it!Reviews: 4. Jan 18, · More than million stillbirths continue to occur globally every year with very slow progress being made to tackle this 'silent problem’, according to new research published in The Lancet.
The question of endings is always very important, as how a text ends clearly has a massive impact on the reaction of the audience. It would be tempting to try and make this play a traditional. Nov 09, · National Life and Character/Chapter 6. therefore, the dramatist is more popular in his treatment and the lyrical poet more subtle.
Othello, thinking out his causes and motives of jealousy as Browning would have depicted him, would have expressed himself in very different words from those which Iago's incisive prompting draws from.
The Preventible Ending of Othello ( words, 5 pages) Indeterminate Termination The Preventable Ending of OthelloBoth the titular character and others in Othello speak of the jealousy that compels Othello to murder as an unstoppable force, impenetrable to reason.
Encour- aged by his success in Hamlet, the French actor undertook to perform Othello and altered the text to suit his ideaspublishing his new version as a book of the play.
This proved too much for the critic on the Afiorning Chronicle, who dealt somewhat severely with this intrusion on sacred ground.