Physical sciences Astronomy and space sciences millenarianism — a range of eschatological beliefs that cataclysmic or otherwise transformative events would occur on or around 21 December Professional Mayanist scholars stated that no extant classic Maya accounts forecast impending doom, and that the idea that the Long Count calendar ends in misrepresented Maya history and culture,  while astronomers rejected the various proposed doomsday scenarios easily refuted by elementary astronomical observations.
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The analysis is based on episodic data from the and Korea Health Panel. The main dependent variable is the selection between TKM and conventional medicine. We used a multiple logistic regression model to identify the determinants of TKM while controlling for clustered error.
Urban residents were 1. The probability of choosing TKM over conventional medicine for a range of conditions compared to the reference condition gastrointestinal disease was as follows: Certain diseases are significantly more likely to be treated by TKM than by conventional medicine.
This suggests that many people view TKM as being additionally effective for specific diseases, particularly musculoskeletal disorders. Introduction Recently, in Korea and around the world, interest and research in complementary and alternative medicine CAM have been increasing [ 1 — 3 ].
CAM in Western countries incorporates traditional medicines from eastern countries, such as Korea and China, to both complement and compensate for the limitations of conventional medicine [ 4 — 7 ]. In Korea, traditional Korean Medicine TKM was widely used before the introduction of conventional medicine at the end of the nineteenth century [ 8 — 10 ].
· ‘complementary and alternative medicine’, ‘holistic medicine,’ ‘complementary and alternative in another, where acupuncture is used instead of physiotherapy for muscular pain This type of definition could suggest that this practice is a deviation from conventional standards of care, making them potentially liable for timberdesignmag.com?article=&context. To identify socio-demographic and health-related factors associated with (a) acupuncture use and (b) the rated helpfulness of acupuncture among internal medicine timberdesignmag.com://timberdesignmag.com · Background. Although the painful shoulder is one of the most common dysfunctions of the locomotor apparatus, and is frequently treated both at primary healthcare centres and by specialists, little evidence has been reported to support or refute the effectiveness timberdesignmag.com
The efficacy of TKM has been validated by many studies [ 11 — 16 ]. Even after conventional medicine was introduced and established as the standard treatment in South Korea, TKM continued to be officially recognized by the government and has been integrated into a dual healthcare system along with conventional medicine to create a system that is completely unique to South Korea.
The Korean dual healthcare system maintains separate physician licenses, educational institutions, and medical facilities for provision of TKM or conventional medicine. Under the dual healthcare system, patients can freely use TKM or conventional medicine based on their choice.
Furthermore, cooperative and referral service between TKM and conventional medicine is not common, and the selection of a medical service provider is solely based on the need and judgment of the patient.
InNHI reimbursement coverage for TKM included physician consultation fees, acupuncture, moxibustion, cupping, and herbal medication and has gradually expanded to encompass some TKM physical therapies since [ 17 ].
Nevertheless, TKM use in Korea only accounts for a small proportion of total use in healthcare services, and public interest in TKM has been declining.
Although the Korean government has implemented various policies and established TKM-related departments and research centers to revitalize utilization of traditional medicine, there is a consensus among TKM providers that traditional medicine has been in crisis since the mids [ 1920 ].
However, previous studies have produced inconsistent results depending on study samples, analysis methods, and so forth. Most of the research did not utilize nationally representative data, and studies using nationally representative data were not appropriate for a medical utilization study because the data did not focus on medical utilization.
Additionally, some of the TKM studies reported only univariable analysis without controlling for confounding factors.
Therefore, episode-based analysis is more reasonable than patient-based analysis to study the determinants of medical utilization [ 31 ]. The purpose of this study is to identify the key factors that determine the use of TKM by analyzing the Korea Health Panel KHP which focused on both data collection for medical utilization and nationally representative data from Korea, in which a dual healthcare system exists.
Methods The analyses from this research are based on data from the KHP that were collected in and The KHP is a nationally representative sample of Korean individuals and their families that include data on demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, health status, access to health care, and private health insurance status.
The KHP uses a stratified multistage probability sampling design according to region and residence in order to select nationwide subjects from the Korea Census.
When analyzing these data, we applied cross-sectional weights to account for the multistage sampling design. From the 7, households 24, individuals that participated in face-to-face interviews in KHP data has several advantages.
For instance, KHP provides information regarding medical utilization in the past year. In addition, KHP provides episode-based data which includes information on physician visits, diagnosis of disease, treatment used, medical cost, and type of medical institution.
Another advantage of the KHP, for our purposes, is that the utilization of TKM, as well as conventional medicine, was investigated as part of the survey.
What is more, the KHP includes data on health conditions and health behaviors that affect the likelihood of using medical services. It also contains data on physician visits that allow us to determine whether the treatment used traditional or conventional services, and this information was used to explore the determinants for seeking TKM.
This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of the Catholic University of Korea with a waiver for informed consent because the data were obtained from a public database https: The KHP identifies three types of medical services: · Features of complementary and alternative medicine use by patients with coronary artery disease in Beijing: a cross-sectional study was the most commonly used CAM type.
Compared with non-CAM users, CAM users tended to be older (pmedicine, acupuncture timberdesignmag.com · In the United States, acupuncture is an integral part of complementary and alternative medicine, incorporating techniques from Chinese, Japanese and Korean traditions.
Some Westerners are skeptical of the practice, while others swear by it, reporting a plethora of beneficial timberdesignmag.com://timberdesignmag.com Jo-Anne Rayner, Karen Willis and Rebekah Burgess, Women's Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Fertility Enhancement: A Review of the Literature, The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 17, 8, (), ().timberdesignmag.com In Chinese medicine, no two illnesses are ever the same, as each body has its own characteristics of symptoms and balance.
Acupuncture is used to open or adjust the flow of chi throughout the organ system, which will strengthen the body and prompt it to heal timberdesignmag.com://timberdesignmag.com · Background.
Although the painful shoulder is one of the most common dysfunctions of the locomotor apparatus, and is frequently treated both at primary healthcare centres and by specialists, little evidence has been reported to support or refute the effectiveness timberdesignmag.com · The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Paradigm, Practice, and Policy Advancing Integrative Health is the leading peer-reviewed journal providing scientific research for the evaluation and integration of complementary and alternative medicine into mainstream medical practice.
The Journal delivers original research that directly timberdesignmag.com