UER Before an article, report, or brief is accepted into the Undergraduate Engineering Review, the author must first submit a proposal that specifies the importance of the research, the scope and limitations of the research, and the methods for the research.
This section should present a concise review of the primary literature relevant to your proposed research efforts. As such it should: Cite the key literature sources Be up to date Critically appraise Project proposal research paper literature The background section should be constructed to inform the reader concerning where your study fits in.
It should clearly state why your project should be done. Take science in a bold new direction? Build on the prior work of others whose? Develop infrastructure instrumentation, methodology, collaborations that will take science in exciting new directions Preliminary Studies If the project builds on past studies from your laboratory, then you should include a brief section outlining what you have already accomplished and explain how these results relate to the work outlined in the present proposal.
If the ideas you are proposing are novel, then it is especially important to include this section and to present evidence supporting the probable success of your project. Research Methodology This section should outline your plan of attack. If more than one person will do the work described in the proposal then a division of labor should be provided together with an explanation of why each person is best qualified to do the work described.
The timeline should define the length of the project and provide a schedule of who will do what specific tasks approximately when during the project period. Problems always arise in research. Things never go as anticipated. So, it is important to provide the reviewer with enough information to give them confidence that when problems arise, as they inevitably will, that you will be able to handle them in such a way that meaningful science results.
Budget The budget should identify the anticipated cost for everything salaries, materials, instrumentation, travel costs, etc. Usually budgets are prepared and submitted as tables with prescribed format.
A budget justification typically accompanies the budget request. The budget justification is simply an explanation, item-by-item, stating why you must spend the money requested in order to carry out the experiments planned.
The most important point in preparing a budget is to make sure that you ask for what you really need. Some people underestimate the importance of working through a budget in advance of writing the actual grant proposal.
This is really important because most grant programs provide grants with a certain set monetary value. At the same time, it is important not to go overboard in padding your budgetary request. A thoughtful budget demonstrates that your project is well conceived and likely to yield quality results.
There are two major components in a budget: Direct costs are the costs that you incur that are directly attributable to the project. Examples of direct costs include personnel salary, fringe benefits, materials and supplies, major instrumentation, and travel costs.
We will briefly examine each of these: Direct Costs Personnel Salary. An important budget request in most grants is the salary for the personnel who will carry out the research on the project. Salary is usually requested for the principal investigator, postdoctoral students, graduate and undergraduate students.
Some funding agencies will provide secretarial support. Academic faculty, who usually receive academic year 9-mos typically salary from their institutions, often supplement their salary summer salary by carrying out external research programs. Undergraduate salaries are not normally assessed fringe benefits when the student is supported during the academic year.
A purchase is typically identified as major instrumentation rather than materials and supplies when the cost of the instrument exceeds a thousand dollars and when the device has an anticipated lifespan of more than a year.
When requesting major instrumentation it is important to specify the manufacturer and model of the specific instrument that you wish to purchase and to indicate what if any features this model has that make it uniquely required in order to accomplish your proposed work.
If you do require a specific instrument, it is wise to obtain a quotation from the manufacturer. Since it may be six months or more before you begin your project be sure to inquire what the anticipated cost of the instrument will be at the time you anticipate purchasing it i.
If you intend to attend a professional meeting in order to present the results of your research, you may include the anticipated cost of traveling to and attending the meeting in your budget request.
You may include the cost of a round-trip coach class fare airplane ticket, meeting registration, hotel, ground transportation taxi, car rental, etc. Many funding sources place strict limitations on travel so be sure to research this carefully before making your request.
If you are working on a collaborative project with an investigator at another institution, then you will need to include the costs that they will incur in carrying out the proposed work.
Your collaborator is viewed as a subcontractor in terms of the grant proposal. Their institution may assess its own indirect costs and those will also need to be included in your budget request to the funding agency.High-quality research proposal writing services for all purposes.
Affordable prices, the best specialists on the web and 24/7 service. Research proposal. The moment comes when every student will be faced with the dreaded research proposal paper. This paper can be very difficult because it . Research Paper Proposal Sample A / early fall quarter / chang A research proposal considers your overall topic ideas, your research question, your research process, and your sources and scaffolds what the next steps will be for the project.
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Many disciplines require written proposals before an experiment can be run, before a. Whether you choose a research paper, a paper based on an Academic Civic Engagement project, or a project that will produce something other than a page paper (perhaps a creative project, a website, or something else), you must submit a proposal to the American Studies program in fall of senior year that will merit approval by the faculty.
The goal of a research proposal is to present and justify the need to study a research problem and to present the practical ways in which the proposed study should be conducted.
The design elements and procedures for conducting the research are governed by standards within the predominant discipline. A Sample Research Proposal with Comments A research project or thesis will take at least two semesters to complete.
Prior to starting a research, i.e.