Its origins are uncertain:
The Council for West Virginia Archaeology reproduces these original ogham ogam petroglyph articles for the record only. We give absolutely no credence to their conclusions. For articles discussing these claims, see the listing at the end of this page.
In the following article, America's leading expert on ancient languages details his decipherments of two southern West Virginia petroglyphs, one in Wyoming County, the other in Boone County.
Because of the innovative and controversial nature of this material, we have chosen to publish Barry Fell's step-by-step description of his decipherment process, in full, for credibility and so that readers may understand how these translations were made.
The decipherment process is complex and technical in nature, therefore, it is impossible to present it in on easy-to-read style. Readers willing to expend the time and mental energy required to study the material will be astounded and intrigued, as the author takes them through the systematic process which led to his startling translations of mysterious writings etched centuries ago by an unknown person on West Virginia s ancient rock cliffs.
Additional archaeological evidence in the same vein as that presented here has been discovered recently in West Virginia, which seems to further substantiate Fell's decipherments.
It is currently being analyzed.
When studies are complete, details of these additional findings will appear in future issues of this magazine. The rock-cut inscriptions which are the subject of this article are located at archaeological sites in Wyoming and Boone Counties, West Virginia.
The inscriptions are accompanied by short annotations in ancient Libyan alphabetic script. The Libyan script is used to render two languages in the annotations 1 the ancient Libyan tongue itself, and 2 an Algonquian dialect of the northeastern group, perhaps allied to Shawnee.
In this first report I deal only with the Old Irish texts, as these are the most detailed. The Ogam alphabet is illustrated in Figure A.
Most of our knowledge of Ogam comes from a Dublin manuscript, known as the Ogam Tract, composed by an unidentified monk in the 14th century. It describes some 94 varieties of Ogam and other alphabets known to the scribe, but the writer indicates that he knew of some varieties of ancient Irish alphabets.
A portion of one of the folio charts in the Ogam Tract is shown in Figure B. Archaeological research shows that Ogam was widely used in many parts of the ancient world. It also occurs on Celtic coins issued in Gaul in the second century before Christ, some hundreds of years before the earliest known Irish Ogam inscriptions.
The scribe relates the mythical account of the origin of Ogam. He tells us that the first Ogam message ever written was the work of a magician named Ogmios, and that it was a warning sent to Lug informing him of a plot to abduct his wife. On line 11 of folio page of the Ogam Tract, the scribe reproduces the supposed warning message sent to Lug.
Although the scribe evidently was familiar with Ogam Consaine, he did not give it that name, or any name at all.
The ancient Ogam Consaine inscriptions of Ireland are found mainly in that country's northern section, and there are others of similar type in parts of Scotland. An example is the line of Ogam slashes visible on the capstone of the Bronze Age cromlech grave monument at Castlederg, in County Tyrone.
In southern Ireland, especially Counties Cork and Kerry, the Ogam inscriptions are fully provided with the vowel points, and these have therefore been deciphered long since.
The history of the Irish language begins with the period from the arrival of speakers of Celtic languages in Ireland to Ireland's earliest known form of Irish, Archaic Irish, which is found in Ogham inscriptions dating from the 3rd or 4th century AD. Sep 19, · How to Write Old English Letters. In this Article: Collecting the Materials Practicing Writing Learning the Alphabet Sample Basic Alphabets Sample Advanced Alphabets Community Q&A. The style of writing was largely influenced by that of Irish monks. 2. Learn the lost letters%(69). Ogham is an alphabet that appears on monumental inscriptions dating from the 4th to the 6th century AD, and in manuscripts dating from the 6th to the 9th century. It was used mainly to write Primitive and Old Irish, and also to write Old Welsh, Pictish and Latin. It was inscribed on stone monuments.
The West Virginian Ogam inscriptions seem to have an affinity with those of northern Ireland. Brendan Brennain made two voyages across the Atlantic Ocean, discovering a land far to the west, identified by some historians as North America.Clue: Old Irish writing.
Old Irish writing is a crossword puzzle clue that we have spotted 5 times. There are related clues (shown below). Dino Lingo Irish for kids is a fun way to learn Irish for kids, toddlers and school age children 2 to 12 years old, we teach kids Irish thru games, books, songs and videos.
Old English Online Series Introduction Jonathan Slocum and Winfred P.
Lehmann. Old English is the language of the Germanic inhabitants of England, dated from the time of their settlement in the 5th century to the end of the 11th century.
Ogham is the closest thing to a truly “old” Irish alphabet. It was used to write “primative Irish,” which actually pre-dates “Old Irish.” Based on a system of slashes on a vertical line, it closely resembles, and may be descended from, Norse runes.
The Old Irish, in Latin script, is given in line I A literal English rendering of each word is given in line I In line I-7 the words are rearranged to conform to English grammar, the subject now preceding the verb. The history of the Irish language begins with the period from the arrival of speakers of Celtic languages in Ireland to Ireland's earliest known form of Irish, Archaic Irish, which is found in Ogham inscriptions dating from the 3rd or 4th century AD.