Pontifix Maximus is a papal title meaning in Latin "chief bridge maker" between earth and heaven. However, Jesus Christ is the only One who can claim this title because "no man cometh unto the Father, but by me. This was a title of the Roman Caesars and of the Roman Emperors of paganism. Holy Father is a title the pope claims for himself.
Thomas Aquinas preached a series of sermons during Lent in the city of Naples. According to a contemporary, almost the whole population of the city came daily to hear these sermons.
Reginald de Piperno made careful transcripts of these sermons, which were aimed at providing a summary of the faith. Thomas briefly talks about the four marks of the Church i.
One of those four marks is unity. Regarding the unity of the Church, St. Thomas first says the following: The unity of the Church Of the first, it must be known that the Church is one.
Although various heretics have founded various sects, they do not belong to the Church, since they are but so many divisions whereas the Church is one. Of her it is said: Thomas says, but these sects do not belong to the Church.
They may very well have been founded by well-intentioned persons; perhaps none of these founders of sects thought they were heretics, or that they were making a schism.
Thomas, these sects do not belong to the Church. They were founded by mere men. The Church, by contrast, was founded by the incarnate God-man, Jesus Christ. Only by remaining in the Church Christ founded do we truly participate in the supernatural unity Christ imparted to His Church.
The sects show that they are not united, by their many divisions.
Thomas goes on to show the three-fold sources of unity in the Church, in the three theological virtues of faith, hope, and charity.
The unity of the Church arises from three sources: All Christians who are of the body of the Church believe the same doctrine. All are strengthened in one hope of arriving at eternal life. Hence, the Apostle says: All are joined together in the love of God, and to each other in mutual love: From whom the whole body, being compacted, and fitly joined together, by what every joint supplieth, according to the operation in the measure of every part, maketh increase of the body unto the edifying of itself in charity.
No one ought to be indifferent to the Church, or allow himself to be cut off and expelled from it; for there is but one Church in which men are saved, just as outside of the ark of Noah no one could be saved.
This is the unity of the Body of Christ. First that we share the same faith, i. We also share the same hope, i.
Persons in schisms or sects are not all working to build up the same Body. They work to build up their own schism or sect, even seeking to snatch away members from the true Body.
This opposition is evidence that the persons involved are not all members of the same Body. Thomas gives further insight into the nature of the unity of the Church.
First he explains why bishops are necessary to administer the Sacrament of Order, also called Holy Orders. There must be some power of higher ministry in the Church to administer the Sacrament of Order; and this is the episcopal power, which, though not exceeding the power of the simple priest in the consecration of the Body of Christ, exceeds it in its dealings with the faithful.
Thomas is saying here that with respect to the power to consecrate the Eucharist, the bishop has no greater power than does the priest. Thomas then gives three reasons why Christ established the Church to have one visible head.
Though populations are different in different dioceses and cities, still, as there is one Church, there must be one Christian people.
As then in the spiritual people of one Church there is required one Bishop, who is Head of all that people; so in the whole Christian people it is requisite that there be one Head of the whole Church.
Thomas shows here that the requirement of one person as the visible head is a principle at every level of a society.
Even though the universal Church is spread out all over the world, yet it is one society by the same principle of visible unity we find at every more particular level. Every parish has a priest, and if there is more than one priest, the other priests are his assistants.On this page you will find authentic quotes and excerpts from numerous Roman Catholic documents, articles, sermons, book excerpts, and Television for your evangelical research.
The Parish's Library, named in honour of Pope John Paul II, was opened by the then Monsignor Mark Davies V.G. on Sunday 15 March Containing over 2, items, the library boasts an excellent selection of books, videos, DVDs and cassettes for adults .
Introduction. The German opposition and resistance movements consisted of disparate political and ideological strands, which represented different classes of German society and were seldom able to work together – indeed for much of the period there was little or no contact between the different strands of resistance.
On this page you will find authentic quotes and excerpts from numerous Roman Catholic documents, articles, sermons, book excerpts, and . Historic Calvinism and Neo-Calvinism. William Young "Historic Calvinism and Neo-Calvinism" was published in the Westminster Theological Journal, vol.
36 ().Editorial revisions by Sherman Isbell of this article and of its footnotes are not to be distributed to other web locations for retrieval, published in other media, or mirrored at other sites without written permission of Sherman. 년 12월 통계조사에 따르면 전 세계 가톨릭 신자 수는 약 1,,,명으로 세계 인구의 %를 차지하고 있다.
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