Social factors[ edit ] Interpersonal difficulties It is argued that interpersonal difficulties such as introversion, social problems,  and poor face-to-face communication skills,  often lead to internet addiction. Internet-based relationships offer a safe alternative for people with aforementioned difficulties to escape from the potential rejections and anxieties of interpersonal real-life contact. They resort to virtual relationships and support to alleviate their loneliness. Psychological factors[ edit ] Prior addictive or psychiatric history are found to influence the likelihood of being addicted to the Internet.
What the Board expects you to know: Risk factors in the development of addiction, including genetic vulnerability, stress, personality, family influences and peers. Explanations for nicotine addiction: Explanations for gambling addiction: Most of these only consider addiction to drugs chemical addictionfor example: However, loss of control is subjective and raises ethical issues since it suggests a certain level of culpability and blame.
To fully understand the process of addiction we need to consider the full range of psychological, biological, social and cultural variables, as well as consider the individual. Behavioural addictions Can behavioural addictions such as gambling be classified similarly to chemical addiction?
Clinical criteria of addiction Carnes A behaviour that is out of control Severe consequences Inability to stop despite these consequences Persistent pursuit of self-destructive or risky behaviour Desire to stop the behaviour Use of the behaviour as a coping strategy Increasing levels of the behaviour needed to get the same effect tolerance Lots of time spent both in trying to engage in the behaviour as well as recovery Severe mood changes when carrying out the behaviour Social, occupational, and recreational activities sacrificed Characteristics of an addiction Griffiths believes there to be six main characteristics to an addiction.
The Board has condensed these into the following: Physical and Psychological Dependence Physical dependence centres on the withdrawal symptoms experienced when the behavior or the drug stops. In fact it is only when these symptoms are experienced that we can be certain that physical dependence has occurred.
Generally these include anxiety, pain, irritability and shaking. Psychological dependence or salience when the behaviour becomes the most important thing to the person. From the moment the addict wakes up their thinking is dominated by their next fix. Alcohol and nicotine addicts tend not to be so obvious in this regard, since they are able to combine their addiction with other behaviours in social settings.
However, once deprived of their fix, salience becomes far more apparent. Tolerance Usually associated with chemical addiction such as alcohol or heroin, this one can also be applied to behaviours.
Basically the addict needs bigger and bigger hits to get the same effect as they did initially with smaller amounts. A gambler will need to take bigger risks and place larger bets. There is also cross-tolerance when tolerance to one chemical such as alcohol or nicotine results in larger doses of other chemicals, including medication.
The best example is alcoholics who need larger doses of anaesthetic to render them unconscious. Withdrawal Syndrome Refers to the collection of symptoms that are experienced when the addiction is not being fed.
Essentially these are the opposite of what the drug itself creates and usually involve pain, stress and anxiety. This collection of symptoms provides the motivation for maintenance via the process of negative reinforcement. The addict gets a rush or buzz when engaged in the behaviour.
The addict is also able to use their behaviour to bring about a mood change. Interestingly, the same chemical or behaviour can alter mood in different directions depending on time or setting.
Nicotine can stimulate in the morning or relax before sleep. The pursuit of short term pleasure can cause conflict with other; parents, spouse, friends and can also result in conflict within the person.The Factors. There are a number of contributing factors that cause drug abuse among students and they can include.
Stress: As mentioned earlier college can be one of the most stressful times in your life. There are financial burdens, jobs, social obligations and don’t overlook the fact that some students are just plain homesick.
Substance abuse takes a toll on the body as well as the mind and spirit. As the organ tasked with stripping toxins from the blood, the liver of a heavy drinker . Scientists have identified for the first time a mechanism by which nanoparticles cause lung damage and have demonstrated that it can be combated by blocking the process involved, taking a step.
Home › Common Addictions › Internet / Gaming Addiction. but not often talked about is the fact that gaming addictions can and do cause physical side effects. Physical side effects of gaming addictions stem from the physical damage that gaming is doing to their bodies. Internet addiction can cause physical damage to the brain, just like drugs, say researchers By ROB WAUGH UPDATED: GMT, 12 January Internet addiction disrupts nerve wiring in the brains of teenagers, a study has found – causing a level of brain damage .
Cartoon: Mobile Phone Addiction "This cartoon by Andy Davey from The Sun relates to research that shows that smartphones have turned Britain into a nation of mobile addicts.