Learn about academic integrity policies and research methods. The discount for Federal employees and their spouses and eligible dependents will be applied to out-of-state tuition and specialty graduate programs.
Writing for an Audience Learn how to identify your audience and craft your writing to meet their needs.
Imagine that you recently had a car accident and you were partially responsible. If you had to write and tell your parents about the accident, what might you say?
Imagine how you might tell the story differently if you were telling your friends about what happened. How might this version be different from the one you tell the insurance company?
What details would you emphasize? Are there some details you might tell your friends that you might not emphasize or even mention at all in your letter to your parents or the insurance company?
Would the order in which you told the various details be different? As you can see, this illustrates the way that we customize our writing to appeal to a specific audience. Assignments are often designed with a particular audience in mind.
For example, if you are writing a business or legal memo, your intended audience is probably people with whom you work, perhaps your boss or your co-workers.
If you are writing a proposal of some sort, the intended audience may be a professional but not someone with whom you are intimately acquainted.
Just as what you say to your parents and friends might be different than what you say to the insurance company, what and how you report information may vary depending on the audience.
Why is My Audience Important? Knowing your audience helps you to make decisions about what information you should include, how you should arrange that information, and what kind of supporting details will be necessary for the reader to understand what you are presenting.
It also influences the tone and structure of the document. To develop and present an effective argument, you need to be able to appeal to and address your audience. When writing an academic paper, try to remember that your instructor is not the only member of your audience.
Although the instructor is often the only person who will read the finished product, customizing a paper to his or her level of knowledge can run the risk of leaving out important information, since many instructors know far more about your topic than the average reader would.
In addition, omitting information that your instructor already knows can result in a weak or unbalanced paper. However, if you assume that your reader is less knowledgeable than you, you are likely to provide more details and better explanations, which usually results in a much stronger paper.
To effectively plan your assignment, you need to figure out who your audience is and what specific needs they might have. The best place to begin is your assignment description. Look to see if your instructor specified an intended audience.
If not, you might ask your instructor if there is a particular intended reader for the assignment. Common audiences include the following: Generalized Group of Readers: Sometimes your audience is just a generalized group of readers.
For example, your assignment might specify something like this: These readers will need you to provide some background information, as well as examples and illustrations to help them understand what you are presenting. Professionals in the field: Sometimes your assignment might require you to address people within a particular field or profession.
For example, a business assignment might specify the audience as other business professionals in the field. Likewise, for a legal memo, your readers might be a group of legal experts.
If your readers are professional peers, you can assume they know the jargon and terminology common to that field.
These readers may also expect you to write in the style and vocabulary that is common to the field or discipline.
If your writing is designed for people with whom you work, you might be able to assume that they are also knowledgeable about the particular project or topic you are writing about. The larger academic community: If you are writing an academic research paper, chances are you are writing for an academic community, similar to the readers of professional, peer-reviewed journals in your field.
These readers will expect that your writing will conform to the conventions of this particular field. These readers will expect you to cite known experts in the field this shows that you are well-read and have done your homework and to contribute something new to the established body of knowledge.Buy essay online at professional essay writing service.
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Features of Academic Writing Complexity Formality Precision Accuracy Structure Objectivity Hedging Responsibility 1 •Academic writing is more complex, and has longer words. But do not try to sound Zclever [. Your marker needs to understand what you are writing. •Words. This book is designed to enable non-native English speakers to write science research for publication in English. It can also be used by English speakers and is a practical, user-friendly book intended as a fast, do-it-yourself guide for those whose English language proficiency is above intermediate. If we look at example essays for college what will be their key characteristics? An essay usually means a relatively short writing piece (compared to a term paper or a written project).
Non-academic writing refers to writing that is informal and intended for a lay audience, often without research or sources involved. Examples include letters, blog posts, newspaper and magazine. WRITING ASSIGNMENTS. In a First-Year Seminar or a writing-intensive course, it is best to have several writing assignments and a variety of types of writing, usually integrated with course readings, rather than one long assignment at the end of the course.
Academic writing Academic writing is an essential part of university studies and is an important part of the learning process. Through writing you process what you have heard and read and it gives you .
Comparison Between Academic and Non-Academic Writing - Download as Word Doc .doc /.docx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site.
Academic writing: key features The story so far. The four introductory sentences from academic articles used less than words between them but by looking at them in detail we’ve been able to identify a number of key features about academic writing.